Publications

“Moving Forward: Japan’s Maritime Policy Trajectory in the Philippines”, Analzying War, Michael Van Ginkel

On August 8th 2020, Yoshida Suga replaced Shinzo Abe, the longest serving prime minister in Japanese history, as the country’s new leader. The shift in leadership could impact Japan’s maritime security ….READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

Challanges and Solutions for Maritime Security in the Indian Ocean”, Stable Seas, Michael Van Ginkel

This policy brief examines maritime security and governance in the Indian Ocean region across nine issue areas including the blue economy, coastal welfare, rule of law, piracy and armed robbery…READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

“Deconstructing Abu Sayyaf’s Resilience to Counter-Insurgency Operations”, The Diplomat, Michael Van Ginkel

Despite successful counterterrorism efforts by the Philippine government, including the recent arrest of two Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG) operatives in Basilan, the insurgency has shown remarkable resilienceREAD FULL ARTICLE HERE

Countering Maritime Drug Trafficking in Bangladesh’s Coastal Waters, Stable Seas, Michael van Ginkel

Despite the harsh penalties in place for the distribution and consumption of drugs, authorities estimate that 7 million people in Bangladesh are currently addicted. Recent drug seizures off the coast…READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

“BARMM Blue Economy: Policy Proposals For the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao”, Stable Seas, Michael van Ginkel

The blue economy plays an important role in improving regional stability. Expanding and enhancing sectors like fisheries, tourism, and shipping stimulates local economies and increases food security…READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

“A South Pacific Island-Led Approach to Regional Maritime Security“, Center for International Maritime Security, Michael van Ginkel

Archaeological records of South Pacific islands point to almost 5,000 years of occupation. Across Polynesia, Melanesia, and Micronesia, the archipelagic geography forced inhabitants to develop…READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

“Thailand’s Deep South Insurgencies: Exploiting the Maritime Domain”, The Diplomat, Michael Van Ginkel

Insurgents in Thailand likely use maritime transit routes for drug smuggling and small arms trafficking, which may then help finance their operations and provide arms and ammunition for their members….READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

“Violence at Sea: How Terrorists, Insurgents, and Other Extremists Exploit the Sea”, Stable Seas, Meghan Curran, Christopher Faulkner, Curtis Bell, Tyler Lycan, Michael Van Ginkel, Jay Benson

Terrorist groups around the globe have seen the challenges of securing the maritime domain as an opportunity to advance their political goals. Increasingly, they strategically leverage sea blindness and weak maritime…READ FULL ARTICLE  HERE

“Addressing Maritime Security in Southeast Asia”, Stable Seas, Michael van Ginkel

Nontraditional security continue to undermine maritime safety and economic prosperity in Southeast Asia. The threats posed by terrorists, pirates, and robbers to commerce moving through the eastern Indian Ocean, ..READ FULL ARTICLE  HERE

“Using Geospatial Data to Improve Maritime Domain Awareness in the Sulu and Celebes Seas”, Center for International Maritime Security, Michael van Ginkel

Sprawling archipelagos and limited government resources make comprehensive maritime domain awareness (MDA) challenging in the Sulu and Celebes Seas. To improve their information gathering capabilities, Malaysia…READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

“A Collaborative Approach to Improving Maritime Security in the Bay of Bengal”, Stable Seas, Michael van Ginkel

This policy brief maps and measures threats to maritime security across the Bay of Bengal region, as well as the efforts to counter them. The Index was created to assist in implementing and evaluating regionally…READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

“Tamil Sea Tigers: Exploiting the Maritime Domain”, Stable Seas, Michael van Ginkel

Despite being geographically isolated and faced with conventionally stronger Sri Lankan government forces, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) were able to maintain a high-intensity insurgency for decades…READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

“Engaging With Local Stakeholders to Improve Maritime Security and Governance”, Modern Diplomacy, Michael van Ginkel

Illicit activity in the maritime domain takes place within a complex cultural, physical, and political environment. When dialogue is initiated with a diverse range of stakeholders, policy recommendations can…READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

“Japan’s Contributions to Maritime Stability in the Bay of Bengal”, East Asia Forum, Michael van Ginkel

Japan has a vested interest in contributing to regional maritime stability in the Bay of Bengal. It holds important Sea Lines of Communication (SLOC) that open commercial opportunities by increasing connectivity…READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

“Rohingya Refugees Smuggle Drugs for Insurgents in Myanmar”, New Security Beat, Michael van Ginkel 

Rohingya refugees fleeing anti-Muslim persecution in Myanmar are exploited by the Arakan Army to smuggle synthetic drugs into Bangladesh.  The army, which demands greater autonomy for Myanmar’s Rakhine State…READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

“How a Myanmar Coast Guard Will Contribute to Coastal Stability”, The Diplomat, Michael van Ginkel

Myanmar’s enforcement agencies operate in a complex security environment. Several armed groups struggle for greater autonomy, ethnic violence has resulted in massive population displacement and the synthetic drug ..READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

“A Pathway to Policy Change: Improving Philippine Fisheries, Blue Economy, and Maritime Law Enforcement in the Sulu and Celebes Seas”, Stable Seas, Michael van Ginkel

This policy brief examines how improvements in Philippine fisheries, blue economy, and maritime law enforcement can increase maritime security and governance in the Sulu and Celebes seas. The policy recommendations…READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

“Community Engagement: Improving Maritime Domain Awareness in the Bay of Bengal”, Stable Seas, Michael van Ginkel

Maritime enforcement agencies face significant challenges in their struggle to obtain comprehensive maritime domain awareness (MDA) within the Bay of Bengal. Undetected illlict activities like smuggling, human trafficking…READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

“Stable Seas: Bay of Bengal”, Stable Seas, Jay Benson, Curtis Bell, Gayathri Iyer, Lydelle Joubert, Maisie Pigeon, M J Rahman, Asyura Salleh, Michael van Ginkel, M A Wahab

The Bay of Bengal and adjoining Andaman Sea comprise a massive maritime area covering nearly 3 million square kilometers, a space larger than the land area of India. This “Greater Bay of Bengal” region is….READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

“The future of Philippine maritime enforcement”, ASEAN Post, Michael van Ginkel

Illicit activity in the Sulu and Celebes Seas continues to pose a daunting maritime security challenge for the Philippines. The recent kidnapping of nine fishermen off the coast of Borneo and the increasingly violent…READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

“Deterrence and Inclusivity in the South China Sea”, Global Politics Magazine, Michael van Ginkel

Rapid economic growth and the modernization of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) has allowed China to expand its regional influence. Within the South China Sea, China’s expansion has materialized in the form of a…READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

“An Advisory Capacity: The Wider Ramifications of Security Force Assistance Brigades in Afghanistan”, Small Wars Journal, Michael van Ginkel

The current conflict in Afghanistan, the United States’ longest lasting war, has defied all attempts by the international community to successfully stabilize the country. The newest attempt to curtail the continued hostilities….READ FULL ARTICLE HERE

“Alexander’s Thracian Campaign: Into the Mountains”, Ancient Warfare Magazine, Michael van Ginkel

The Thracian campaign, initiated in the Spring of 335 BCE, reveals Alexander’s military skills and aptitude for command. While the subjugation of the tribes involved in the Balkan upraising remained Alexander’s…READ FULL ARTICLE HERE